Samos is one of the East Aegean Islands and the birth place of famous ancient mathematician Pithagoras.

Pythagorion Statue

Monument in honour of Pythagoras, native of Samos

The picture above is a monument dedicated to him which is standing at the port of Pithagorio, a town recently renamed after him.

Amongst all the Greek island Samos is situated closest to the Turkish coast. Turkish element is, however, very scarce, except that there is quite a lot of tourists (including Greeks and Turks) come from and go to Turkey.

Different from many of the Aegean islands, Samos is relatively rich in water and fertile. It produces wine – well-known is its sweet, reddish (Moschato) wine -, honey, timber and olive oil.

The most noteworthy ancient site is the sanctuary of Hera (Heraion). There is a relatively large archaeological museum in Vathy (Samos) – capital city of the island. There is another one in Pithagorio, but it is no more than a large room; I heard that there was a plan to build a larger one that would include the castle of Logothethes.

From Piraeus ferryboats depart for Karlovasi and Vathy (Samos). One way ticket costs from 35 Euro (in Summer 2014). Pythagorio is connected with Patmos, Lispi, Leros, Leros, Kalymnos, Kos, Fourni and Ikaria with speedboats.

Green Samos

Samos island is rich in vegetation

You can rent a car in major towns like Vathy and Pithagorio. The rate differs from one shop to another, so ask around. If you rent for a longer period, you can get a better deal. It was easy to drive.


  • Graham Shipley, A history of Samos, 800-188 BC, Oxford/ Clarendon, 1987
  • Robin Barbar, Greece (Blue Guide), London- N.Y. 2001 (Revised reprint of the 6th edition of 1995), pp. 684-690.

Go to Index of Samos Section

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