Fortification, Sounio

Cape Sounio is situated at the southern most tip of Attica Peninsula and has a strategic value to guard the entrance to the Saronic Gulf.

Fortification, Sounio

Fortification, Sounio

During the Peloponnese War, in the winter of 413/412 BCE, the Athenians fortified the Poseidon’s sanctuary with circuit wall. Later in the third century BCE, the Macedonians extended the fortification.

Fortification, Sounio

Eastern Part of the Fortification, Sounio

In the photo above is the eastern fortification wall of the sanctuary, and below is the remains of the bastion attached to it, constructed by the Macedonians.

Fortification, Sounio

Bastion, Eastern Part of the Fortification, Sounio

In the 2 photos below is the remains of the northern fortress.

Fortification, Sounio

Northern Fortress, Sounio

Fortification, Sounio

Northern Fortress, Sounio

Around 100 BC, the slaves of the Laurium (Lavrion, silver mine) revolted and occupied this fortress for some time, probably for some years, ravaging the surrounding country (Posidonius, FGrHist 87 F35).

Bibliography

  • Christian Habicht, Athens from Alexander to Antony, translated by Deborah Lucas Schneider, Cambridge Massachusetts/ Harvard UP 1997, pp. 292-293.
  • Robin Barber, Greece (Blue Guide), London- N.Y. 2001 (Revised reprint of the 6th edition of 1995), p. 143.
  • Christopher Mee and Antony Spawfort, Greece: An Oxford Archaeological Guide Oxford/ Oxford University Press 2001, pp. 96-100.

INDEX of SOUNIO SECTION

Sounio
Temple of Poseidon
Stoa, Sanctuary of Poseidon
Fortification, Sanctuary of Poseidon
Propylon, Sanctuary of Poseidon
Sanctuary of Athena Sounias
Beaches

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