Cape Sounio is situated at the southern most tip of Attica Peninsula and has a strategic value to guard the entrance to the Saronic Gulf.
During the Peloponnese War, in the winter of 413/412 BCE, the Athenians fortified the Poseidon’s sanctuary with circuit wall. Later in the third century BCE, the Macedonians extended the fortification.
In the photo above is the eastern fortification wall of the sanctuary, and below is the remains of the bastion attached to it, constructed by the Macedonians.
In the 2 photos below is the remains of the northern fortress.
Around 100 BC, the slaves of the Laurium (Lavrion, silver mine) revolted and occupied this fortress for some time, probably for some years, ravaging the surrounding country (Posidonius, FGrHist 87 F35).
- Christian Habicht, Athens from Alexander to Antony, translated by Deborah Lucas Schneider, Cambridge Massachusetts/ Harvard UP 1997, pp. 292-293.
- Robin Barber, Greece (Blue Guide), London- N.Y. 2001 (Revised reprint of the 6th edition of 1995), p. 143.
- Christopher Mee and Antony Spawfort, Greece: An Oxford Archaeological Guide Oxford/ Oxford University Press 2001, pp. 96-100.
INDEX of SOUNIO SECTION