Monthly Archives: August 2014

Lofos Haidariou (Profiti Ilia), Athens

Haidari is a quarter in the north western part of Athens.

Just before arriving Aigaleo Mountain, there is a hill called “Profiti Ilia”, or Lofos Haidariou.

On top of the hill, there is a cafe restaurant and you can enjoy coffee or meal while looking down Athens and Piraeus.

View from Haidari Hill

View from Haidari Hill

View from Haidari Hill

View from Haidari Hill

 

And of course there is a church dedicated to Profet Elijah (Profitis Ilias).

Ermoupoli, Syros

Ermoupoli is the capital and the main port of Syros.

Ermoupoli

View of Ermoupoli from Ano Syros

In Antiquity, there was a settlement called Syria, but we know very little how it was like. There is no visible trace of ancient ruins.

In Byzantine period and Middle Ages, the inhabitants moved toward a hill (today’s Ano Syros) in fear of pirates, and it had been the main settlement of the island until 19th century.

Ermoupoli was founded by the refugees and immigrants from Chios and Psara during the War of Independence.

The scenery of Ermoupoli is characterized by gorgeous 19th century buildings.

The centre of Ermoupoli, Miaoulis Square, is one of the most beautiful and ‘European’ square in Cyclades.

Miaoulis Square, Ermoupoli

Miaoulis Square, Ermoupoli

The imposing Town Hall was built between 1876 and 1891, first by Ernst Ziller and continued later based on his planning.

Town Hall, Ermoupoli

Town Hall, Ermoupoli

Just behind the Square is the Apollo Theatre, first opened in 1864. Lastly restored and reopened in 2000.

Apollo Theatre, Ermoupoli

Apollo Theatre, Ermoupoli

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Sources

Fortress of Rio

Rio is situated at the north western edge of Peloponnese, and together with Andirrio on the other side, forms the gate to the Corinthian Gulf.

Fortress of Rio

Fortress of Rio

The fortress of Rio was first constructed by the sultan of Ottoman Turkey, Bayazid II, in 1499. It is reported that it took only 3 months to complete the work.

It was the Venetians who shaped the castle in the present state. The Venetians took the fortress in 1687 and further enlarged and strengthenedĀ in the 18th century.

In this plan, the brown part dates back to the Ottoman and the blue parts to the Venetian period.

Plan of Fortress of Rio

Plan of Fortress of Rio

This is the main gate opening toward South.

Main Gate

Main Gate

During the last phase of Greek War of Independence, in 1828, Ibrahim Pasha’s army was sieged here by the Anglo-Franco force.

Bath house (hamam) of the Ottoman period.

Turkish Bathhouse

Turkish Bathhouse

Inside the hamam.

Inside the Bathhouse

Inside the Bathhouse

Rio-Andirrio Bridge and the fortress.

Rio-Antirrio Bridge

Rio-Antirrio Bridge

This bridge was opened in 2004 in conjunction with the Olympic Games in Athens. It is 2880 meters long and is the longest cable-sustained bridge in the world to the date.

Until the opening of this bridge, Rio and Andirrio could be crossed only by ferry.

View from the Fortress of Rio

View from the Fortress of Rio

References

  • Information board in site
  • Robin Barber, Greece (Blue Guide), London- N.Y. 2001 (Revised reprint of the 6th edition of 1995), p. 334.

 

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Sanctuary of Artemis, near Pithagorio

The sanctuary of Artemis is about 1 km away from Pithagorio toward south east.

Temple of Artemis

Temple of Artemis

It was near Potokaki. There was an usual brown plate (the photo below) indicating the site, but telling you the truth I did not understand anything, because there was too much undergrowth, and I had no detailed guidebook. I just put the pictures then I took in 2002.

Temple of Artemis

Temple of Artemis

Not far from the sanctuary there was this small chapel.

Chapel

Chapel

The building did not seem old, but I think the broken slab used as pavement was Byzantine. It is possible it was brought from elsewhere or from an older building which was standing here.

Old Sculpted Elements

Old Sculpted Elements

 

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Hellenistic Gymnasion, Roman Baths, and Late Roman Basilica, Pythagorio

This impressive site is situated about 500 meter walk toward south west from Pithagorio (free entrance).

Roman Bath, Pythagorio

Roman Bath, Pythagorio

In the Hellenistic period, a huge gymnasion was constructed at this site. Later in the Roman period, the eastern part of the gymnasion was converted into the public baths. Unfortunately, I cannot tell exactly which parts correspond to which period.

Roman Bath, Pythagorio

Roman Bath, Pythagorio

This is floor mosaics, probably of the Roman period. Two naked youths (of the right man only a leg was left) are engaging wrestling.

Floor Mosaic of Roman Perio

Floor Mosaic of Roman Perio

In Late Antiquity, a Christian church was constructed (below). A white table-like stone that you can see at the centre of the photo is baptismal fountain.

Late Antique Basilica

Late Antique Basilica

Baptismal Fountain

Baptismal Fountain

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